J2ME get and post

Posted: March 10, 2012 in Random Posts

import javax.microedition.midlet.*;
import javax.microedition.lcdui.*;
import javax.microedition.io.*;
import java.io.*;

public class GetNpost extends MIDlet implements CommandListener
{
private Display display; // Reference to Display object
private Form fmMain; // The main form
private Alert alError; // Alert to error message
private Command cmGET; // Request method GET
private Command cmPOST; // Request method Post
private Command cmExit; // Command to exit the MIDlet
private TextField tfAcct; // Get account number
private TextField tfPwd; // Get password
private StringItem siBalance;// Show account balance
private String errorMsg = null;
public GetNpost()
{
display = Display.getDisplay(this);

// Create commands
cmGET = new Command(“GET”, Command.SCREEN, 2);
cmPOST = new Command(“POST”, Command.SCREEN, 3);
cmExit = new Command(“Exit”, Command.EXIT, 1);

// Textfields
tfAcct = new TextField(“Account:”, “”, 5, TextField.NUMERIC);
tfPwd = new TextField(“Password:”, “”, 10, TextField.ANY | TextField.PASSWORD);

// Balance string item
siBalance = new StringItem(“Balance: $”, “”);

// Create Form, add commands & componenets, listen for events
fmMain = new Form(“Account Information”);
fmMain.addCommand(cmExit);
fmMain.addCommand(cmGET);
fmMain.addCommand(cmPOST);
fmMain.append(tfAcct);
fmMain.append(tfPwd);
fmMain.append(siBalance);
fmMain.setCommandListener(this);
}

public void startApp()
{
display.setCurrent(fmMain);
}

public void pauseApp()
{ }
public void destroyApp(boolean unconditional)
{ }

public void commandAction(Command c, Displayable s)
{
if (c == cmGET || c == cmPOST)
{
try
{
if (c == cmGET)
lookupBalance_withGET();
else
lookupBalance_withPOST();
}
catch (Exception e)
{
System.err.println(“Msg: ” + e.toString());
}
}
else if (c == cmExit)
{
destroyApp(false);
notifyDestroyed();
}
}

/*————————————————–
* Access servlet using GET
*————————————————-*/
private void lookupBalance_withGET() throws IOException
{
HttpConnection http = null;
InputStream iStrm = null;
boolean ret = false;

// Data is passed at the end of url for GET
String url = “http://www.mycgiserver.com/servlet/corej2me.GetNpostServlet” + “?” +
“account=” + tfAcct.getString() + “&” +
“password=” + tfPwd.getString();
try
{
http = (HttpConnection) Connector.open(url);
//—————-
// Client Request
//—————-
// 1) Send request method
http.setRequestMethod(HttpConnection.GET);
// 2) Send header information – none
// 3) Send body/data – data is at the end of URL

//—————-
// Server Response
//—————-
iStrm = http.openInputStream();
// Three steps are processed in this method call
ret = processServerResponse(http, iStrm);
}
finally
{
// Clean up
if (iStrm != null)
iStrm.close();
if (http != null)
http.close();
}

// Process request failed, show alert
if (ret == false)
showAlert(errorMsg);
}

/*————————————————–
* Access servlet using POST
*————————————————-*/
private void lookupBalance_withPOST() throws IOException
{
HttpConnection http = null;
OutputStream oStrm = null;
InputStream iStrm = null;
boolean ret = false;
// Data is passed as a separate stream for POST (below)
String url = “http://www.mycgiserver.com/servlet/corej2me.GetNpostServlet”;
try
{
http = (HttpConnection) Connector.open(url);
oStrm = http.openOutputStream();
//—————-
// Client Request
//—————-
// 1) Send request type
http.setRequestMethod(HttpConnection.POST);
// 2) Send header information. Required for POST to work!
http.setRequestProperty(“Content-Type”, “application/x-www-form-urlencoded”);

// If you experience connection/IO problems, try
// removing the comment from the following line
// http.setRequestProperty(“Connection”, “close”);

// 3) Send data/body
// Write account number
byte data[] = (“account=” + tfAcct.getString()).getBytes();
oStrm.write(data);
// Write password
data = (“&password=” + tfPwd.getString()).getBytes();
oStrm.write(data);
// For 1.0.3 remove flush command
// See the note at the bottom of this file
// oStrm.flush();

//—————-
// Server Response
//—————-
iStrm = http.openInputStream();
// Three steps are processed in this method call
ret = processServerResponse(http, iStrm);
}
finally
{
// Clean up
if (iStrm != null)
iStrm.close();
if (oStrm != null)
oStrm.close();
if (http != null)
http.close();
}

// Process request failed, show alert
if (ret == false)
showAlert(errorMsg);
}

/*————————————————–
* Process a response from a server
*————————————————-*/
private boolean processServerResponse(HttpConnection http, InputStream iStrm) throws IOException
{
//Reset error message
errorMsg = null;
// 1) Get status Line
if (http.getResponseCode() == HttpConnection.HTTP_OK)
{
// 2) Get header information – none
// 3) Get body (data)
int length = (int) http.getLength();
String str;
if (length != -1)
{
byte servletData[] = new byte[length];
iStrm.read(servletData);
str = new String(servletData);
}
else // Length not available…
{
ByteArrayOutputStream bStrm = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
int ch;
while ((ch = iStrm.read()) != -1)
bStrm.write(ch);

str = new String(bStrm.toByteArray());
bStrm.close();
}
// Update the string item on the display
siBalance.setText(str);
return true;
}
else
// Use message from the servlet
errorMsg = new String( http.getResponseMessage());

return false;
}

/*————————————————–
* Show an Alert
*————————————————-*/
private void showAlert(String msg)
{
// Create Alert, use message returned from servlet
alError = new Alert(“Error”, msg, null, AlertType.ERROR);

// Set Alert to type Modal
alError.setTimeout(Alert.FOREVER);

// Display the Alert. Once dismissed, display the form
display.setCurrent(alError, fmMain);
}
}

/*
The call to flush() uses a feature of HTTP 1.1 that allows data to be
sent in smaller loads. When calling flush() or sending a large
amount of data (in version 1.0.3) chunked encoding is used.

If you are using an HTTP 1.0 server or proxy server the chunked
transfer may cause problems.

You can avoid the chunking behavior with small transactions by just
calling close() where you were using flush(). For larger transactions
you need to buffer your output so a single write() and close() are
issued to the output stream.
*/
/*————————————————–
* GetNpostServlet.java
*
* Show how GET and POST from client can access and
* process the same data.
* Account information is maintained in a database
* (connecting with jdbc)
*
* Table: acctInfo
* Columns:
* account – integer
* password – varchar
* balance – integer
*
* Example from the book: Core J2ME Technology
* Copyright John W. Muchow http://www.CoreJ2ME.com
* You may use/modify for any non-commercial purpose
*————————————————-*/
//package corej2me; // Required for mycgiserver.com

import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.sql.*;

public class GetNpostServlet extends HttpServlet
{
protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res)
throws ServletException, IOException
{
// Same code appears in doPost()
// Shown both places to emphasize that data is received thru
// different means (environment variable vs stream),
// yet processed the same inside the servlet
String acct = req.getParameter(“account”),
pwd = req.getParameter(“password”);

String balance = accountLookup(acct, pwd);

if (balance == null)
{
res.sendError(res.SC_BAD_REQUEST, “Unable to locate account.”);
return;
}

res.setContentType(“text/plain”);
PrintWriter out = res.getWriter();
out.print(balance);
out.close();
}
protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res)
throws ServletException, IOException
{
// Same code appears in doGet()
// Shown both places to emphasize that data is received thru
// different means (stream vs environment variable),
// yet processed the same inside the servlet
String acct = req.getParameter(“account”),
pwd = req.getParameter(“password”);

String balance = accountLookup(acct, pwd);

if (balance == null)
{
res.sendError(res.SC_BAD_REQUEST, “Unable to locate account.”);
return;
}
res.setContentType(“text/plain”);
PrintWriter out = res.getWriter();
out.print(balance);
out.close();
}

/*————————————————–
* Lookup bank account balance in database
*————————————————-*/
private String accountLookup(String acct, String pwd)
{
Connection con = null;
Statement st = null;
StringBuffer msgb = new StringBuffer(“”);

try
{
// These will vary depending on your server/database
Class.forName(“sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver”);
con = DriverManager.getConnection(“jdbc:odbc:acctInfo”);

Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(“Select balance from acctInfo where account = ” +
acct + “and password = ‘” + pwd + “‘”);
if (rs.next())
return rs.getString(1);
else
return null;
}
catch (Exception e)
{
return e.toString();
}
}
/*————————————————–
* Information about servlet
*————————————————-*/
public String getServletInfo()
{
return “GetNpostServlet 1.0 – John W. Muchow – http://www.corej2me.com”;
}
}

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