Implement a simple File Explorer in Android

Posted: May 15, 2013 in Android Posts, Android Tutorials
Tags: , , , , , , ,

– First of all, as a user app, I think it should not access the root “/” directly. So I assign root to Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), it’s the Android external storage directory.
– Secondly, if a file/directory is hidden or un-readable, it will not be display.

Example of File Explorer

Create /res/layout/row.xml, the layout of the rows in the list.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<TextView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/rowtext"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="30sp"
    android:textSize="25sp" />

The main layout with a ListView.

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" 
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/path"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    <ListView
        android:id="@android:id/list"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
        />
    <TextView
        android:id="@android:id/empty"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent" 
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
        android:text="No Data"
        />

</LinearLayout>

Main code.

package com.example.androidexplorer;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.app.ListActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends ListActivity {

 private List<String> item = null;
 private List<String> path = null;
 private String root;
 private TextView myPath;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        myPath = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.path);

        root = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath();

        getDir(root);
    }

    private void getDir(String dirPath)
    {
     myPath.setText("Location: " + dirPath);
     item = new ArrayList<String>();
     path = new ArrayList<String>();
     File f = new File(dirPath);
     File[] files = f.listFiles();

     if(!dirPath.equals(root))
     {
      item.add(root);
      path.add(root);
      item.add("../");
      path.add(f.getParent()); 
     }

     for(int i=0; i < files.length; i++)
     {
      File file = files[i];

      if(!file.isHidden() && file.canRead()){
       path.add(file.getPath());
          if(file.isDirectory()){
           item.add(file.getName() + "/");
          }else{
           item.add(file.getName());
          }
      } 
     }

     ArrayAdapter<String> fileList =
       new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.row, item);
     setListAdapter(fileList); 
    }

 @Override
 protected void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
  // TODO Auto-generated method stub
  File file = new File(path.get(position));

  if (file.isDirectory())
  {
   if(file.canRead()){
    getDir(path.get(position));
   }else{
    new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
     .setIcon(R.drawable.ic_launcher)
     .setTitle("[" + file.getName() + "] folder can't be read!")
     .setPositiveButton("OK", null).show(); 
   } 
  }else {
   new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
     .setIcon(R.drawable.ic_launcher)
     .setTitle("[" + file.getName() + "]")
     .setPositiveButton("OK", null).show();

    }
 }

}

Download the files.

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